Gang delinquency and delinquent subcultures. by James F. Short

Cover of: Gang delinquency and delinquent subcultures. | James F. Short

Published by Harper & Row in New York .

Written in English

Read online


  • Gangs.,
  • Juvenile delinquency.

Edition Notes

Book details

StatementEdited by James F. Short, Jr.
SeriesReaders in social problems
LC ClassificationsHV9069 .S53 1969
The Physical Object
Paginationviii, 328 p.
Number of Pages328
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL4404475M
LC Control Number79006891

Download Gang delinquency and delinquent subcultures.

Gang Delinquency and Delinquent Subcultures [james short] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Additional Physical Format: Online version: Short, James F. Gang delinquency and delinquent subcultures.

New York, Harper & Row [] (OCoLC) Gang delinquency and delinquent subcultures. [James F Short] Book: All Authors / Contributors: James F Short. Find more information about: by S. Kobrin and H. FinestoneLower class culture as a generating milieu of gang delinquency, by W.B. MillerIllegitimate means, anomie, and deviant behavior, by R.A.

ClowardCriteria of. and delinquency in his book on gang culture among delinquent boys. Rejection of middle class values and substitution of contracultural values emphasizing malicious and destructive acts is described as the cause of gang delinquency.

Similar to Miller, Cohen describes a subculture that repudiates hard work and deferred Size: 31KB. The purpose of this study is to examine youth gang phenomena in China employing a two-step approach. The first step is to apply the delinquent subculture perspective to the explanation of variation in gang involvement; the second is to investigate the relationship between youth gang involvement and self-reported by: 3.

Streets gangs are a form of delinquent peer group. This article begins with describing the characteristics that distinguish gangs from other social groups. It draws from both law enforcement and research studies, relying primarily on information produced in the past two decades to discuss different approaches to defining gangs, including the conceptual and methodological difficulties of.

This article re-examines the propositions of a book by one of the authors (Cohen), "Delinquent Boys: The Culture of the Gang," and identifies the kinds of future research that should make the book obsolete. Abstract: The book proceeded from the premise that much delinquency involves participation in a delinquent subculture.

This book represents an attempt to formulate and to solve certain neglected but crucial problems in understanding delinquency. Abstract: Whether or not using the term "delinquent subculture," many people evoke the concept when attributing delinquent boys' behavior to bad environmental influences.

The influence of culture is often taken for granted. GANGS, NETWORKS, AND SUBCULTURAL DELINQUENCY 65 descriptions of the subculture may be based on a sampling artifact that yields a dispro-portionate number of "gang" members.

Although more appropriate sampling de-signs can help us to avoid factual error, we also need to evolve a theoretical framework that Gang delinquency and delinquent subcultures. book us to deal with the variety of. Based on four years of fieldwork, the book offers detailed coverage of the relationship between delinquency and political economy, linguistic behavior, and peer networks; and new analytic categories for differentiating between adolescent subcultures.?-Adolescence "The book offers a solution to the current crisis in delinquency theory that comes Cited by: Subculture, Gang Involvement, and Delinquency: A Study of Incarcerated Youth in China Article in Justice Quarterly 34(6) October with Reads How we measure 'reads'.

Delinquent Subcultures: Sociological Interpretations of Gang Delinquency By DAVID J. BORDUA David J. Bordua, Ph.D., Ann Arbor, Michigan, is Assistant Professor in the Depart- ment of Sociology at the University of Michigan. He received his doctorate from Har- vard in and has published on theories of delinquency, authoritarianism, college.

From an original paper written many years ago, this contribution to the Encyclopaedia of Gangs bring together the only salient theorising about gangs and Gang delinquency and delinquent subcultures.

book that have graced the pages of academe during my 30 year career as a sociologist. One of the main theorists to evaluate subculture was that of Albert Cohen and he mainly shows his theory of the subculture functionalist through his book called Delinquent Boys: The culture of the gang.

In this book, his main points are that it is the clashing between that of the middle class and the ‘delinquents’ which was a harsh term.

The evolution of delinquent subcultures / Richard A. Cloward and Lloyd E. Ohlin -- 3. Perceived opportunities, gang membership, and delinquency / James F.

Short, Jr., Ramon Rivera, and Ray A. Tennyson -- 4. Violent crime in city gangs / Walter B. Miller -- 5. Delinquent subcultures: theory and recent research / Lamar T. Empey -- 6. Delinquent Subcultures: Sociological Interpretations of Gang Delinquency Group delinquency has been of theoretical interest to American sociology for more than half a century.

During that time, four major interpretations of the origins of gang delinquency and delinquent subcultures have : Joanne M. Kaufman. Major theorists have tended to equate peer-based delinquency and gang delinquency.

Acceptance of this assumption hinders theoretical and empirical understanding of deviant youth cultures. Subcultural delinquency involves shared symbols-such as deviant values and speech-as well as behavior that is potentially noticeable by officials. Through the utilization of separate measures of shared Cited by:   Group delinquency has been of theoretical in terest to American sociology for more than half a century.

During that time, four major interpretations of the origins of gang delinquency and delinquent subcultures have by: Delinquent Subcultures: Sociological Interpretations of Gang Delinquency By DAVID J. BORDUA Group delinquency has been of theoretical insociology for more than half a century.

During that time, four major interpretations of the origins of gang delinquency and delinquent subcultures. () Book Delinquent Boys: The Culture of the Gang () developed the perspective of delinquent subculture in which many lower-class delinquent boys joined owing to strain in the form of status frustration.

Coined the term, "middle-class measuring rod.". Other articles where Delinquent Boys: The Culture of the Gang is discussed: Albert Cohen: In Delinquent Boys: The Culture of the Gang (), Cohen tied these divergent approaches together in a single theory.

Proposing a general theory of subcultures, Cohen argued that similar ideas tend to arise among people who experience similar social circumstances. Delinquent Boys: The Culture of the Gang is critically examined as a substantive theory of the "delinquent subculture" and as a contribution to a general theory of delinquency.

Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, National Youth Gang Survey: Trends from to (). OJJDP fact sheet. Washington, DC: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Google ScholarAuthor: Peter C. Kratcoski, Lucille Dunn Kratcoski, Peter Christopher Kratcoski.

The emergence of the delinquent subculture is considered either (a) independent of the motivational dynamics necessary for the maintenance of the subculture, or (b) dependent upon in some unspecified relationship (Kitsuse & Dietrick, ).

In a book called The Delinquent Solution: A Study in Subcultural Theory, David Downes notices a couple of. • Describe the “strains” that lead to gang delinquency among urban, lower-class males. Through Sidney’s life history, criminologist Clifford Shaw tried to show that some urban neighborhoods lacked social control and that, as a result, their youth were exposed to delinquent.

The key element in the subculture theory of delinquency is to achieve an understanding of those who are seen as an outcast or delinquent.

The theory of subculture delinquency was created by Albert Cohen in the ’s and the main study subject in this theory was boys. When delinquent subcultures/gangs are established with a different set of values, norms, and beliefs, the type of delinquent gang that develops will depend upon the family in which the youths live and whether they have access to illegitimate opportunity structures.

Youth Subcultures and Delinquency Youth Subcultures Adolescents are influenced by many different socialization aspects. For instance, their family, their peers, and their neighborhood have a great deal of influence on them and shape many important aspects of their behaviors.

As children enter adolescence they turn to various peer groups for : Cultural Lag. DELINQUENT AND CRIMINAL SUBCULTURES.

Subcultures consist of norms, values, interests — and artifacts associated with them — that are derivative of, but distinct from, a larger referential culture. The term also is sometimes used loosely to distinguish individuals, groups, or other collectivities based on their demographic characteristics (e.g., age, ethnicity, and regional location) or.

gang, group of people organized for a common purpose, often criminal. Gangs of criminals were long known on the American frontier and also flourished in urban settings. Notorious were the outlaws led by Jesse James and his brother, the Sydney Ducks of San Francisco (active in the s), and the Hudson Dusters of turn-of-the-century New York City.

Modern criminal gangs are largely urban and. Criminal and Delinquent Subcultures Crime and delinquency subculture reflects on culture patterns surrounding crime and juvenile delinquency. It is created not only by individuals, but as one culture, the American culture.

Subculture is derivative of, but different from some larger referential cultures. Volume 2: Part 1 The "delinquent" and the "gang" in history: innocence and experience - the evolution of the concept of juvenile delinquency in the midth century, M.

May; tribute, turf, honour and the American street gang, C. : Professor Nigel South. According to the University of Portsmouth, Albert Cohen's delinquent subcultural theory posits that delinquency often emerges as a subculture from a shared sense of economic and social disadvantage within a society.

This idea attempts to explain why delinquency occurs so often in gangs and among lower working-class males. Page 5 of 11 Encyclopedia of Criminological Theory: Cohen, Albert K.: Delinquent Boys class culture, subculture, school, strain, adjustment problems, self-esteem, reaction formation, and non-utilitarian delinquency.

Cohen's Theory of Delinquency and the Delinquent SubcultureFile Size: 34KB. This theory is divided into three sections: Delinquent Subculture, Differential Opportunity, and Other Subculture Theories.

According to Albert Cohen, delinquent subculture is the most delinquent behavior, found in lower class younger males and it is the most frequent form of gang delinquency. Gang subculture is distinguish by non-utilitarian. Delinquent Boys: The Culture of the Gang. ALBERT K. COHEN.

Glencoe, Ill.: The Free Press, pp. $ In this book Cohen attempts to refocus the thinking and research on delinquency. His central theme, from which he never deviates, is that delinquency can best be under- stood in terms of subcultures traditional in : Wilfrid C.

Bailey. Albert K. Cohen was the first person that attempted to find out the process of beginning of a delinquent subculture. His perspective has been referred to an integrating theory of several sociological theories such as the Chicago School¡¯s sociologist¡¯s work, Merton¡¯s strain theory, cultural conflict theory and Sutherland¡¯s.

In criminology, subcultural theory emerged from the work of the Chicago School on gangs and developed through the symbolic interactionism school into a set of theories arguing that certain groups or subcultures in society have values and attitudes that are conducive to crime and violence.

The primary focus is on juvenile delinquency because theorists believe that if this pattern of offending. Abstract: Group delinquency has been of theoretical in terest to American sociology for more than half a century. During that time, four major interpretations of the origins of gang delinquency and delinquent subcultures have emerged.

The classical view developed by Thrasher focuses on the de velopment of spontaneous groups under conditions of weak social control and social by: SAGE Video Bringing teaching, learning and research to life. SAGE Books The ultimate social sciences digital library.

SAGE Reference The complete guide for your research journey. SAGE Navigator The essential social sciences literature review tool. SAGE Business Cases Real world cases at your fingertips. CQ Press Your definitive resource for politics, policy and people.

and Gang Delinquency: A Study of Street-Corner Groups, 69 Amr. J. Soc. (). 13 Reiss & Rhodes, The Distribution of Juvenile De-linquency in the Social Class Structure, 26 Amr. Soc. Xxv. (). 1 4 Bordua, Delinquent Subcultures: Sociological In-terpretations of Gang Delinquency, Tnm ANNAMS (Nov.

). "r Ibid. [Vol. Research Paper Delinquent Youth Subculture -- Gangs + more term papers written by professionals and your peers. Those in gangs discover to be irregular as they try to hold on to their gang's customs and dangerous way of life. Review of delinquent boys: The culture of the gang.

Journal of Educational Psychology, 47(6),

7562 views Monday, November 16, 2020